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Conservation Tillage: Cover Crops

White Clover

Photo: White CloverWhite clover is a perennial legume with many varieties. Ladino, most recognized, is a medium to tall variety, while common, or Dutch, white clover is a lower growing plant with smaller leaves. White clover produces most of its growth during mid to late spring when temperatures are cool and there is ample rainfall. It is not drought-tolerant. It is widely adapted, but prefers fertile soils with a pH 6.4-6.8, and is long lived, requiring little maintenance. It is not very competitive with grasses unless managed; tall grasses will shade out common clover. White clover produces extensive quantities of biomass per year, between 11,100-22,200 lbs/A.

Seed 5-7 lbs/A. Late March-early May.