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Georgia Turfgrasses Selection & Adaptation - Lawns

 
Bermudagrass
Centipedegrass

St.
Augustinegrass

Zoysiagrass
Perennial Ryegrass
Tall Fescue
 
Cynodon
spp.
Eremochloa
ophiuroides
Stenotaphrum
secundatum
Various
species
Latium
perenne
Festuca
arundinacea
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Spreading Habit
Stolons and rhizomes
Stolons
Stolons
Stolons and rhizomes
Bunch type
Bunch type
Leaf Texture
Fine to medium
Medium
Coarse
Fine to medium
Fine to medium
Coarse to medium
Shoot Density
High
Medium
Medium
Medium to high
Medium
Low to medium
Soil Type Required
Wide range;
fertile best
Wide range; grows well on sandy, acidic, infertile soils
Wide range
Wide range
Wide range; moist, fertile best
Wide range
Establishment Rate
Fast
Slow
Medium
Very slow
Fast
Medium-fast
Recuperative Ability
Excellent
Poor
Fair
Poor-will recover but slowly
Poor to fair
Poor to fair
Wear Resistance
Excellent
Poor
Poor
Good
Fair to good
Good
Cold Tolerance
Poor
Fair
Poor
Very Good
Good
Fair
Heat Tolerance
Excellent
Good
Excellent
Excellent
Poor to fair
Good
Drought Tolerance
Excellent
Good
Good
Good
Fair
Good
Shade Tolerance
Very poor
Fair
Good
Good
Fair to good
Fair to good
Salt Tolerance
Good
Poor
Excellent
Good
Fair
Good
Submersion Tolerance
Poor
Poor
Fair
Poor
Fair
Good
Maintenance Level
Medium to high
Low
Medium
Medium to high
Medium
Low to medium
Fertility Requirement
High for hybrid;
medium for common
Low
Medium
Medium
Medium
Medium
Mowing Height (inches)
1-2 for common
1-1.5 for hybrid
1-2
2-3
1-2
1-2
2-3
Seedhead Production
Few to many
Inconspicuous Medium
Few
Few
-
-
Thatching Tendency
High for hybrids;
low for common
Low to Medium
Moderate
Medium to high
Low
Low
Disease Potential
Moderate
Low
High
Medium
Medium
Low
Nematode Problems
Severe
Severe
-
Severe
-
-
Region Best Adapted Statewide Piedmont Costal Plain Statewide Mountains & piedmont Mountains & piedmont

 

   

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